mp2s, 1950 g. DQNCAN 2,498, 87
FISHING REEL Filed Aug. 7 19, 1946 2 sheets-sheet 1 I 5 fi'm gpuflcan Feb. 28, 1950 E. s. DUNCAN' 2,498,987
FISHING REEL Filed Aug. 19, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 E QDunca/n WW Patented F eb. 28, 1950 U N IT ED STATES PATENT I OFFICE "FISHING REEL Everett S.LDuncan, El' Cerrito; Calif. Application: Augnst l9, 1946, Serial No. 691,449 it-Claims. (c1. 242 s4.5)
.1 This invention relates to'flshingreels andmore particularlytoan improved casting reel. I
'An object of this inventionis to. provide an improved .casting reel'from which the line may be taken without rotating the spool, thereby reducing'the drag on theca'st line.
Another object .of this invention is to'provide an improved reel of the kindto be" hereinafter described, having "a small'steel'wire linerecovery arm, semicircular in shape, which is pivotally mounted on a rotatable spool case about the spooLLbeing spring pressed 'to" line engaging position for winding theline onthe spool and a lock carried by the spoolcase for locking the recovery arm in disengaging'position' whereby the line may be cast with'the minimum of drag and friction.
Another'object of thisinventionis to provide an improved reel "of thisfikin'd having a spring urged line recovering arm "pivotally carried on the rotatablespool casewhich rec'overy'arm is adapted to lie very close to the spool casein both positions whereby the arm is not likelyto become entangled with .any" foreign objects while fishing inbrushy streams or in close quarters.
Another object of this invention-istoprovide a spring urged line recovery arm ona fishing'reel which may be' locked. in a line-"disengaging position forfree castingiand which is automatically moved to line engaging. positionupon rotation of the crank of the reel, being unlocked. byabutton fixed relative to'the reel. 7
:Another'object of .this invention is toprovidea reel of this kind having: a: roller onthe line recovery arm over which the-line may betrained'during re'covery. for minimizing the: dragon the line and forpreventingwear on. the line at this time.
Still another obj ect of' this. invention isto. provide a reel of this kind having means' for'reciprocatingthe rotating reelcaseduring recover of the line, together with the line recovery'arm, for winding the line evenly on the spool.
A furtherobject of this inventionis to provide means for lubricating the spool while being "rotated by the drag of the catch. Y
To the foregoing objects, and others whichmay hereinafter more fully appear, the invention consists of the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts, as will be morespecifically referred to and illustrated. in theaccompanying drawings, but it is to .be understood thatchanges, variations, andmodifications may be resorted to which fall within the scope of 1 the" invention as claimed.
- ignates generally a'fishing reel constructed according to'an embodiment of'this invention. This reelis adapted to bc'attached to a rod or pole'on the lower side thereof, and for right handedfishermen the crank or handle of the reel is onthe left side of the rod. The crank handle extends at right'anglesto the'pole and the axis of the spool is parallel'to the direction of the pole'whereby the line being cast is drawn from theiend of the spool at right angles to the windings whereby the line maybe taken from the reel without'rotating the'spool.
The reel'IIlis formed with a gear housing I I which maybe annular in plan view thereof. The
gear'housing IIis'formed with an open top side and a cover I2' is secured to the housing'II by bolts or screws It or other suitable attaching devices. The cover I2 is formed with a tubular crank shaft hearing I 5 extending upwardl therefrom. A crank shaft I6 is rotatable in the'bearing I5 and a handle I7 is fastened to the outer end thereof with an end nut I8 engaging the outer threaded portion I9 of the shaft I6. The inner end of the shaft I6 is formed with an annularbearing flange orboss'Zll, to which is attached a'ring gear 2! rotatable in the housing I I. The ring gear 2| is secured to the boss 28 by a screwf22 andadownwardly extending stud or lugfl'spaced outwardly a shortdistance'from the-center or axis of the ring gear 2 I.
An annular disc 25'isfixed to the housing I I on one sidethereof having the axis thereof aligned with the center'of the depth of the housing i I. The housing II is formed with an annular opening onone' side thereof and the disc or wall '25 is formedwith an opening in the center aligning with the opening of the wall 25. A bearing-26 is-secured in the openings of the -disc2'5 and housing'I I by having the outer race thereof pressed firmly into these openings. A tubular shaftZ'I having anenlarged hub 28-0n the outer end ispressed through the inner race of the bearing 26 and frictionally secured thereto. -A piniongear 29 is fixed on the shaft 21 by a set screw and engages the ring gear 2|.
An annular spool case 3| having a central disc 32 is fixed onto the hub 28 and is adapted to be rotated thereby. The spool case 3| is formed with a disc 32 having forwardly and rearwardly extending annular flanges 34 and 35 respectively. The rear flange 35 is adapted to engage over the edges of the fixed plate 25 for closing the space between the plate 25 and rotatable disc .32.
A central spool shaft 36 is slidable in the shaft 21 and extends through the housing through the pinion gear 29 and under the ring gear 2|. The shaft 36 is squared off at its inner end as at 31 and is slidably supported in an elongated square bearing 33 which may be threaded into the housing I and closed by a bearing cap 39 on the outer side of the bearing 38. A rectangular thrust bearing block 4|] is fixed on the shaft 36 beneath the ring gear 2| by a set screw 4| engaging through the block 4|] and into a transverse bore 42 in the shaft 36. The block is formed with a transverse slot 44 on the upper side thereof into which the lug 24 is adapted to engage whereby rotation of the ring gear 2| will cause reciprocation of th shaft 36.
A ratchet gear or click 45 is threaded onto the shaft 36 outwardly of the rotatable plate 32 and is formed on its outer face with an annular groove 46 in which a lubricating felt ring or washer 41 is seated. A spool 48 is loosely carried on the outer end of the shaft 36. The spool 48 is formed of an annular inner disc 49 having an inwardly extending annular flange 56 about the periphery thereof, an annular body 5| having a vertical annular front wall 52, a forwardly extending annular flange 54 about th periphery of the wall 52, and a hub 55 loose on the shaft 36. On the shaft 36 at its outermost end there is a nut 56 for tensioning the spool on the shaft 36. Between the nut 56 and hub 55 there are provided a felt lubricating washer 51 adjacent the hub 54, a rubber washer 58 adjacent the nut 56, and a brass washer 59 between the felt washer 51 and rubber washer 58, the brass washer being keyed into a slot 66 in the shaft to hold the washers against rotation with the spool 48. The nut 56 is provided with outwardly extending ears 6| for readily tightening or loosening the nut 56 with the fingers of an operator. The flange 34 of the case 3| partly overlies the spool 48 as shown in Figure 2.
On the outer side of the flange 34 there is fixed a radially extending pin 62 and diametrically opposite therefrom a radially extending pin 64 is fixed. A semicircular bar 65 is pivotally carried on the pins 62 and 64. The bar or line engaging member 65 may be made of suitable wire of a diameter greater than the casing 3| and is formed at one end with a nut 66 engageable over the pin 62 and a screw 61 through the nut 66 and pin 62 constantly urged the bar 65 to one side of the casing 3| as shown in Figure l.
A locking member 66 is pivotally mounted on the opposite pin 64. The member 69 comprises a tubular hub 16 about the pin 64 and a fiat looking bar 1| fixed on the upper end of the hub 10. The locking bar 1| is formed with an ear 12 twisted upwardly into which the bar 65 may be secured by a nut 14. The ear 12 is further formed with a radial notch 15 behind the nut 14 and a fiat edge 1 6 on the opposite side of the bar H for engaging a keeper 11 for locking the'bar 65 in selected position. A spring 18 about the pin 64 constantly urges the bars 69 and 65 to a line engaged position. For locking the member 69 and bar 65 in each extreme position a radially extending keeper 18 is pivotally mounted on the casing 3| having an upper end 19 engageable in the slot 15 and with the edge 16 selectively. A coil spring about the pivot 8| of the keeper 18 constantly urges the keeper 18 into engagement with the locking member 69. The other elongated end 82 of the keeper 18 bears against the inner side of.;the fixed disc 25. A look releasing button.14,-is fixed on the disc 25 for engaging the lever arm 82 upon rotation of the spool case 3| when the bar 65 is in line disengaged position. The button 84 is convex so the arm 82 may readily slide over it when the case 3| is rotated.
The spool is stationary relative to the casing 3| and is rotated only by the drag of a catch. The click of the spool is effected by a pawl engaging in the ratchet 45, the pawl being pivotally mounted on the rear wall of the spool 48 and held in position by a wire spring 86.
A steel grooved roller 81 is carried by the bar 65 over which the line may be trained when recovering the line by rotation of th case 3| thereby reducing the drag on the reel and lessening the wear on the line.
In theuse and operation of this reel I6, the line is wound on the spool 48 in a conventional manner. The bar 65 is in line engaging'or unlocked position, and the line is passed under the bar 65, thence through the eyeson the pole.
For casting, the line on th pole is held by the thumb of the operator and the bar is moved to its locked line disengaging position as shown in Figures 1 and 5, where the keeper 18 engages in the slot 15 to hold the bar 65 in this line free position. As the line comes off the spool it slides over the flange 54 axially from the spool, whereby the spool remains still during the entire casting procedure.
Upon rotating the crank l1 to rotate the spool case 3| for recovering the line, the lever arm 82 rides over the button 84 releasing the bar 65 and the springs 68 and 18 move the bar 65 to the other side of the casing 3|, catching the line thereunder, and the edge 16 engaging the keeper 18. Rotation of the case 3| causes the line to slide down the bar 65 and ride over the roller 81 whereupon the line is wrapped on the spool 48. Upon rotation of the case 3| the spool 48 is reciprocated to permit the line to be wound evenly on the spool 48. The drag on the spool 48 is controlled by the nut 56 and is in no way affected by rotation of the spool case 3|. When the drag is sufiicient to rotate the spool, the felt washers 41 and 51 soaked with oil, provide for lubrication of the spool hub 55 on the shaft 36.
I donot mean to confine myself to the exact details of construction herein disclosed but claim all variations falling within the purview of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:
1. An improved reel of the kind described comprising a crank, a ring gear on said crank, pinion gear engaging. said ring gear, a housing for said gears having an annular side wall, two opposed openings in said sidewall, an anti-friction type bearing carried by said housing in one of said openings, a'tubular shaft for said pinion gear rotatably mounted in said bearing, a non-rotatable shaft having a rectangular portion slidably supported in a rectangular bearing fixedly mounted in said other opposed opening and extending through said tubular shaft, a spool case carried by said tubular shaft and rotatable therewith, a spool rotatable on said non-rotatable shaft, ratchet means operatively associated with said spool, tensioning means on said spool for holding said spool against rotation, a spring pressed looped wire line engaging member pivotally carried by said spool case, locking means carried by said case and said line engaging member for locking said member in one position and means disengaging said locking means upon rotation of said crank whereby said member is moved to the original line engaging position.
2. A device as in claim 1 in which said tentioning means includes a wing nut adapted to threadedly engage said non-rotatable shaft, a plurality of oil impregnated felt washers rotatably. mounted on said non-rotatable shaft between said nut and said spool and an oil impervious washer keyed to said non-rotatable shaft and disposed between said felt washers.
3. A device as in claim 2 in which said ratchet means comprises a spring biased pawl carried by said spool and a disc having peripheral toothing fixedly carried by said non-rotatable shaft adjacent to said spool and formed with an annular groove adapted to retain another oil impregnated felt washer whereby rotation of said spool relative to said non-rotatable shaft will be indicated by the checking sounds caused by the movement of the pawl over the peripheral toothing and said felt washers will provide lubricating bearing surfaces for said tensioning means.
EVERETT S. DUNCAN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS